While it may seem efficient, students are more likely to forget memorized material if they don’t reinforce their learning with other strategies, and a new study looks at how incorporating guesswork into a lesson can significantly boost students’ ability to recall information. The results from the two experiments in this study show that errors benefit memory to the extent that they overlap semantically with targets. Results are discussed in terms of the retrieval benefits of activating related concepts during learning.
Cyr, A., & Anderson, N. D. (2018). Learning from your mistakes: does it matter if you’re out in left foot, I mean field? Memory, 26(9), 1281-1290. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2018.1464189