Saturday, February 26, 2011
International Journal on E-Learning, 2011, Evaluating Online Tutorials for University Faculty, Staff, and Students: The Contribution of Just-in-Time Online Resources to Learning and Performance
A pool of recent, potentially controversial young adult books that had also received supporting reviews, awards, or recommendations for inclusion on reading lists was established. A small, random sample of high schools in Texas that are part of the state's online union catalog system was determined. Specific titles were searched in each school's OPAC to determine ownership. Based on one factor, not owning at least 50 percent of the controversial titles in the pool tested, the researcher concludes that over 80 percent of the schools in the study show signs that self-censorship has occurred during the collection development process.
The researcher acknowledges the limitations of the study and suggests other factors that should be taken into account before conclusive judgment can be made that deliberate self-censorship is widely practiced. An agenda for further research and study on censorship issues is outlined.
School of Library and Information Science, Texas Women's University, 2002, Moving Toward a Method to Test for Self-Censorship by School Library Media Specialists
Research and Markets, 2010, Library Use of eBooks, 2011 Edition
The report provides detailed data on budget and spending, sources of revenue and support, man hours deployed, range of materials maintained, number and source of visitors and downloads, and other key facts about institutional digital repositories.
The report also looks closely at the degree of faculty cooperation, methods of procuring and measuring this cooperation, plans to develop repositories as publishers in their own right, impact on the online presence of the college and on citation rates in journals, among other issues. Data is broken out by size, geographic region, Carnegie class, years in operation and type of library or other institution (such as scientific institutes).
Primary Research, 2011, The Survey of Institutional Digital Repositories, isbn 157440-161-0
Pediatrics, 2011, Criminal-Justice and School Sanctions Against Nonheterosexual Youth: A National Longitudinal Study
Research and Markets ltd, 2010, The Survey of Library & Museum Digitization Projects 2011 Edition
Nielsen Wire, 2010, Among Mobile Phone Users, Hispanics, Asians are Most-Likely Smartphone Owners in the U.S.
Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project, 2011, Generations & Gadgets
Ambient Insight, 2011, The US Market for Self-paced eLearning Products and Services: 2010-2015 Forecast and Analysis
The Nation's Report Card, 2011, Trial Urban District Assessment
Rockman et al, 2011, History Day Works: Findings from the National Program Evaluation
Annenberg Institute for School Reform (AISR), 2011, The Strengths and
Challenges of Community Organizing as an Education Reform Strategy: What the Research Says
Center for American Progress, 2011, Return on Educational Investment: a district-by-district of U.S. educational productivity
School Library & Information Technologies Graduate Program at Mansfield University, 2011, School Library Impact Studies Project
In the movie “Mean Girls,” head plastic Regina George tortures her North Shore High classmates of all stripes, including her supposed best friends. At Springfield Elementary, where Bart Simpson goes to school, Nelson Muntz, the oversized dimwit with the distinctive laugh, is the cartoon series’ bully. A new study suggests that, in reality, neither of those students would be the aggressors on campus. Robert W. Faris, an assistant sociology professor at the University of California, Davis, spent several years surveying students at middle and high schools in rural and suburban North Carolina.
Education Week, 2011, Study Disputes Myth of School Bullies' Social Status, American Sociological Review http://www.asanet.org/images/journals/docs/pdf/Faris_FelmleeASRFeb11.pdf
Few people will be surprised to learn of research that shows K-12 institutions throughout the United States have become heavily dependent on technology, and that this dependency continues to increase with each passing year. What may surprise even the most jaded among us, however, is that, given that many view this a "good" dependency with a wealth of immediate and long-term benefits for teachers, students, and staff, we're doing an inadequate job of feeding the habit.
At the FETC 2011 show a national research report on digital media usage among educators entitled "Deepening Commitment: Teachers Increasingly Rely on Media and Technology." The report is based on a survey conducted in August 2010 of 1,401 preK-12 teachers from various regions and demographics throughout the United States. Its primary conclusions are: Teachers are, owing to both interest and circumstance, increasing their use and knowledge of technology in the classroom; and U.S. schools provide an insufficient capacity of computing devices and technology infrastructure to support teachers' Internet-based instruction needs.
PBS and Grunwald Assoociates, 2011,Transforming Education through Technology, Report Shows U.S. Schools Can't Meet Technology Demands of Teachers, Students
In this time of tight budgets where libraries face difficult decisions regarding how to invest their technology resources, it’s helpful to have data regarding how libraries perceive the quality of their automation systems and the companies that support them. This report, based on survey responses from over two thousands libraries, aims to give some measure of how libraries perceive their current environment and probes at their inclinations for the future.
Library Technology Guides, 2011, Perceptions 2010: An International Survey of Library Automation
Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 2011, Vocabulary, Self-Control Crucial in Early Literacy Skills, Study Says
Georgia Prevention Institute at Georgia Health Sciences University, 2011, EdWeek Exercise Improves Math Skills, Brain Study Suggests
Harvard Graduate School of Education, 2011, Pathways to Prosperity: Meeting the Challenge of Preparing Young Americans for the 21st Century
Innosight Institute, 2011, Report: Blended learning could hit or miss
New Media Consortium and EDUCAUSE, 2011, Horizons Report
EdSource, 2011, New study finds many San Mateo County students in eighth-grade algebra are not prepared for it
EdWeek, 2011, Studies Find Language Key is Key to Learning Math
Data for Action, 2010, Do States Use Data to Improve Student Learning?
Cengage Learning and Eduventures, 2011, Survey Shows College Students Overwhelmed, Underprepared
Project RED and the One-to-One Institute, 2011
Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2011, Violent Video Games May Not Desensitize Kids: Study HealthyDay http://consumer.healthday.com/Article.asp?AID=650097
The Christian Science Monitor, 2011, Does Facebook boost civic engagement among American youths, too?
Friday, February 25, 2011
Controlling for social class and children's books in the home closes the black-white gap in kindergarten: An important result buried deep in Fryer and Levitt (2004)
Fryer and Levitt (2004) examined reading and math test scores in kindergarten and grade 1 using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (about 1000 schools). Their focus was the gap between black and white children.
For reading, the difference between black and white children at the start of kindergarten was .40 (where mean = 0, , sd = 1). Thus, black children scored 40% of one standard deviation below white children.
When Fryer and Levitt controlled for SES, (parents education, parent occupation, household income), the gap dropped to .134.
When they controlled for SES and number of children's books in the home the gap dropped to nearly zero, -.006.
This is a major result: social class and the presence of children's books evens the playing field. And this is only for a test given at the start of kindergarten. As they note, "including number of books …. completely eliminates the gap in reading" (p. 452).
As is typical for these kinds of results, it is buried deep in this long paper.
When Fryer and Levitt controlled for more predictors, including age at kindergarten, birth weight, whether the mother was a teenager or age 30 at the time her first child was born, the characteristics of neighborhood, whether mother was working, preschool program participation, parental involvement in child's life, family size and family structure, the difference was.093. Black children did slightly better.
Fryer and Levitt did not find the same "summer slump" than others have reported: In fact, black children closed the gap slightly over the summer. But the summer in this study was between kindergarten and grade 1. Closing the summer gap is related to access to books and self-selected reading over the summer (studies by Heyns, 1975 and by J. Kim, 2003). Not much self-selected reading takes place with six year olds.
As usual, there was no mention of libraries of any kind.
Fryer, R. and Levitt, S. 2004. Understanding the black-white test score gap in the first two years of school. The Review of Economics and Statistics 86 (2): 447-464.
Heyns, B. 1975. Summer Learning and the Effect of School. New York: Academic Press.
Kim, J. 2003. Summer reading and the ethnic achievement gap. Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk 9(2): 169-188
Tuesday, February 22, 2011
Blogging is becoming less popular with young people, according to a Pew Research Center study, with the number of bloggers ages 12 to 17 declining by 50% between 2006 and 2009. Some say blogs are too time-consuming to maintain and attract too few viewers, while others say bloggers are simply wrapping other social forms into their online activities.
Pew Research Center Internet and American Life Project. (201). Generations 2010.
Monday, February 21, 2011
This annual report presents the five emerging trends that eSchool Media believes will take root in 2011, due to the large amount of attention these trends received in 2010, as well as the positive results they produced in student achievement and administrative effectiveness in schools, districts, and states.
In this report you’ll find the latest news on:
- Classroom instruction trends
- Mobile devices trends
- eReading technology trends
- Virtualization trends
- Bullying trends, and much more
Many college students say more technology is needed on campus to help them balance the demands of school and jobs, a national survey found. The study, by the education group looked at how students manage busy schedules that include academics, jobs and extracurricular activities. The study then recommended more online options for classes, textbooks and projects.
The study, which included 751 students and 201 educators from colleges and universities across the country, examined how students handle hectic schedules that include full-time course loads, jobs, and extracurricular activities. The survey results were indicative of nontraditional students who find time before or after work to take classes and earn a college degree. Enrollment in online educational programs has skyrocketed in the past two years – especially at community colleges — as millions of adults return to school during the country’s economic downturn.Eduventures. (2010). Instructors and Students: Technology Use, Engagement and Learning Outcomes.
Much of rural America remains locked out of broadband access, according to a national study. It found that as many as 10% of Americans cannot connect to high-speed fixed or wireless Internet services.
U.S. Department of Commerce. (2011). National Broadband Map.
Weeter, Christina; Nancy Martin. (2011). Building Roads to Success: Key Considerations for Communities & States Reconnecting Youth to Education. National Youth Employment Coalition.
Goldhaber, Dan; Roddy Theobald. (2010). Assessing the Determinants and Implications of Teacher Layoffs. Urban Institute.
Friday, February 18, 2011
Open Educational Quality Initiative. (2011). Beyond OER.
Tuesday, February 15, 2011
Horn, M. (2011). The Rise of K-12 Blended Learning. Mountain View, CA: Innosight Institute.
Monday, February 14, 2011
Girl Scouts Research Institute. (2010). Go Ask a Girl: A Decade of Findings from the Girl Scout Research Institute . New York: GSUSA.
Sunday, February 13, 2011
Seven percent of “younger boomers,” those now between the ages of 47 and 56, and 6% of those ages 66–74 own e-readers. The highest percentages among all age groups are for devices like Amazon’s Kindle or Barnes & Noble’s Nook, according to a new report. Another tidbit: Millennials are the only generation more likely to own a laptop computer or netbook than a desktop.
Pew Research Center’s Internet and American Life Project. (2011). Generations and Their Gadgets.
A 2010 report on digital trends found that Innovative social messaging platforms like Facebook and Twitter as well mobile communications continue to dominate online time, and web email begins its steady decline. Total web email usage was down 8% in the past year (YOY), with a whopping 59% decline in use among people between the ages of 12-17. Young people are simply spending more time social networking than anything else, up 3.8% to 14.% of all time spent online. In contrast, use of web -based email lost 1.5% at a total of 11% of time spent.
ComScore. (2010). The 2010 U.S. Digital Year in Review.
Friday, February 4, 2011
|Study Finds Social-Skills Teaching Boosts Academics|
An analysis of more than 200 studies finds that classroom programs that focus on social and emotional skills can yield learning improvements that rival those of purely academic programs.
Durlak, J., et al. (2011). The impact of enhancing students' social and emotional learning: A meta-analysis of school-based universal interventions. Child Development82(1), 405-432.
Thursday, February 3, 2011
When it comes to classroom technology, teachers favor interactive whiteboards, tablet-style e-reader devices and laptops, according to a national survey on teachers' digital media use. About 62% of teachers said they frequently use digital media in the classroom, though much of what they use is free or paid for out-of-pocket. More than three-quarters of teachers also said they are using streaming video in class, up from 55% in 2007.
PBS and Grunwald Associates. (2011). Deepening Commitment: Teachers Increasingly Rely on Media and Technology. New York: PBS.
Wednesday, February 2, 2011
More schools are testing teacherless classrooms that rely on technology to cut costs and keep class sizes low. Some research has found that students who take all or part of their classes online perform better. However, experts also say that some teacher supervision is needed for student-driven virtual lessons to ensure students stay on track. The article states that "adults still have a vital role to play as tutors, mentors, and coaches."
Ferenstein, G. (2011, Feb. 1). Teacher-replacing tech: Friend or foe? Fast Company.
US Dept. of Education. Evaluation of Evidence-Based Practices in Online Learning: A Meta-Analysis and Review of Online Learning Studies.
More researchers are beginning to focus on the role that relational aggression plays in school bullying. The behavior, which includes social ostracization and gossip and often involves students who are considered popular, has typically been overlooked and considered less dangerous than physical or verbal abuse. Research shows that programs such as Steps to Respect, which teaches students and teachers to intervene, may help to diffuse such situations.
Frey, K. (2010).Gossip on the playground. School Psychology Review, 39(4), 536-551.