Sunday, December 24, 2023

Parents' Perception of School Libraries reports

A recent study investigated parents' perceptions of school librarians. A vast majority of the parents surveyed asserted that every school should have a school librarian. The survey results show that a significant percentage of parents (80%) trust school librarians to select appropriate books and materials for school libraries. However,  only 41% of the parents have met their child’s school librarian. There were also mixed feelings about providing materials on race/racism and LGBT+, depending on the students' age. Parents also want more say about library collections.

A series of Parents’ Perception of School Libraries and Librarians Survey (Dec 2023) findings are available at Please see “Parents’ Perceptions of Public Libraries” (Sept 2023) and “Parents’ Perceptions of Librarians” (Nov 2023) for additional insights on this dynamic topic, surveyed by Book Riot and EveryLibrary Institute. 

Monday, December 18, 2023

Book Banning Report

A recent study reflected on the nearly 6,000 book bans in public schools documented from July 2021 to June 2023. The study illustrates the spread of copycat book bans and an apparent “Scarlet Letter” effect, where several works from an author’s catalog were subsequently targeted after at least one of their works was banned.

PEN. (2023). Banned in the US: The growing movement to censor books in schools. PEN.

Wednesday, December 13, 2023

Digital Reading and Comprehension Study

 For years, research showed that print reading, whether for leisure or school, improved developing readers’ ability to comprehend text. However, the explosive use of digital reading devices, constant access to these devices, and new types of reading materials have introduced new reading habits. Now, a new comprehensive review of research on digital leisure reading habits finds a virtually nonexistent relationship between digital reading and improvement in reading comprehension among students.

Altamura, L., Vargas, C., & Salmerón, L. (2023). Do new forms of reading pay off? A meta-analysis on the relationship between leisure digital reading habits and text comprehension. Review of Educational Research. Prepublished December 13, 2023.

Wednesday, November 8, 2023

AI study

A Stanford study found that GPT detectors often misclassify non-native English writing as AI-generated, which reflects a type of bias. 

Liang, W., et al. (2023). GPT detectors are biased against non-native English writers. Patterns, 4(7).

Sunday, November 5, 2023

Book Digitalization and Print Demand Study

Abstract: The free digital distribution of creative works could cannibalize demand for physical versions, but it could also boost physical sales by enabling consumers to discover the original work. We study the impact of the Google Books digitization project on the market for physical books. We find that digitization significantly boosts the demand for physical versions and provide evidence for the discovery channel. Moreover, digitization allows independent publishers to introduce new editions for existing books, further increasing sales. Our results highlight the potential of free digital distribution to strengthen the demand for and supply of physical products.

Nagaraj, Abhishek, and Imke Reimers. 2023. "Digitization and the Market for Physical Works: Evidence from the Google Books Project." American Economic Journal: Economic Policy15 (4): 428-58DOI: 10.1257/pol.20210702

Book Banning Impacts Study

 Abstract: Banning of books has become increasingly prevalent and politically polarizing in the United States. While the primary goal of these bans is to restrict access to books, conversations about the bans have garnered attention on a wider scale. This increased attention to bans can either have a chilling effect or can influence consumers to read the banned books. In this study, we use a novel, large-scale dataset of US library book circulations and evaluate the impact of book bans on the consumption of banned books. Using a staggered difference-in-differences design, we find that the circulations of banned books increased by 12% on average compared to comparable non-banned titles after the ban. We also find that banning a book in a state leads to increased circulation in states without bans. We show that the increase in consumption is driven by books from lesser-known authors suggesting that new and unknown authors stand to gain from the increasing consumer support. Additionally, our results demonstrate that books with higher visibility on social media following the ban see an increase in consumption, suggesting a link between social media and political consumerism. We also find that book bans have a tangible political impact through campaign donations - Republican Party candidates attract significantly more campaign donations than Democratic candidates, following the ban events but only in Republican-leaning states.

Ananthakrishnan, Uttara M and Basavaraj, Naveen and Karmegam, Sabari Rajan and Sen, Ananya and Smith, Michael D., Book Bans in American Libraries: Impact of Politics on Inclusive Content Consumption (June 23, 2023). Donald G. Costello College of Business at George Mason University Research Paper, Available at SSRN: or

Tuesday, October 31, 2023

Teen Leisure Reading Decline Study

 A recent study found a decline in reading for fun among teenagers. That decline has been attributed to the rise of technology and excessive use of reading in standardized testing for comprehension and grading. While some teens are still avid readers, others find it hard to balance reading with their busy schedules, but librarians and educators suggest audiobooks and personalized book choices to reignite interest in reading.

Schaeffer, K. (2023). Among many U.S. children, reading for fun ahs become less common, Federal data shows. Pew Research Center. and

Sunday, October 29, 2023

Libraries and College Readiness Study

 A study found that first-year college students who had prior high school research experience, especially those from schools with certified librarians, felt more confident in their academic research skills and performed better in using research tools and strategies, such as information and digital literacy, and the difference between a primary and secondary source of information. 

Valenza, J. et al. (2023). First years' information backpacks: What's already packed or not packed? Journal of Academic Librarianship, 48(4). 

Sunday, October 1, 2023

School Library Book Bans

 Twenty-four percent of school librarians have experienced harassment during the last year related to books or displays in their library. That’s according to a recent national survey, which found the rate even higher among high school librarians, 30 percent of whom report being harassed. Those perpetrating the intimidation are most frequently parents, followed by organized groups, reports the Controversial Book survey fielded in May 2023 and garnering 729 respondents.

Ishizuka, K. (2023, Sept. 30). Nearly a quarter of school librarians have experienced harassment over books. School Library Journal.

Reading Choices

 This study explores the relationship between the books students select for independent reading and their motivation to read. Instructional recommendations based on key findings are presented. To gather data, study participants completed the Motivation to Read Profile-Revised. They also shared information about the books they had selected for independent reading on the day they completed the MRP. Analysis of the data revealed significant, positive correlations between students' enjoyment of their chosen books and their motivation to read. Enjoyment was also significantly and positively correlated with students' perceived value of reading, their self-concept as readers, and the amount of time they reported reading during their free time.

Konrad, M. (2023). The Love of the Book: Students' Text Selection and Their Motivation to Read. The Reading Teacher.

Wednesday, September 6, 2023

K-12 Digital Transformation report

 A survey in 2023 revealed that K-12 digital transformation efforts are still in their early stages, with nearly two-thirds of respondents indicating they have not yet begun to implement their strategies or technology initiatives for digital transformation. However, around 36% are in various stages of implementation, and only about a third of respondents expressed confidence in their understanding of digital transformation, with IT leaders showing higher levels of understanding compared to non-IT leaders.

Nagel, D. (2023). Most districts still early in their digital transformation journey. THE Journal.

Tuesday, August 29, 2023

Book censorship survey

 Book censorship requests in US public schools and libraries surged to a 21-year high in 2022, with a 70% increase over the previous year, according to the American Library Association. The data reveals a new trend of multiple book titles being targeted in each challenge, often driven by organized political advocacy groups seeking to ban books, particularly those featuring LGBTQ+ themes and diverse perspectives.

Censorship by the numbers. (2023). American Library Association.

Sunday, August 27, 2023

Book Challenges Survey

 According to a national survey, the surge in book challenges nationwide is having a chilling effect on school librarians, who are more likely to avoid buying books or to remove titles from collections because of their content than they were last year. "And while the percentage of U.S. librarians who have experienced a book challenge dropped from 43 percent to 38 percent, 30 percent of those challenges led to a book’s removal in 2023, up from 19 percent last year. Urban school librarians were the only segment to report a rise in book challenges, from 31 percent in 2022 to 39 percent this year.

Perhaps in response to the spike in challenges, 55 percent of respondents said their school’s book challenge procedure was new or revised, an increase from 49 percent in 2022.

The number of librarians who voluntarily removed books from their library also rose, from 42 percent in 2022 to 47 percent in 2023.

All 729 respondents are responsible for selecting books for their library. Their most cited reason for choosing not to buy a book was sexual content, especially at the high school level—increasing from 60 percent in 2022 to 75 percent in 2023. As for other concerns, 43 percent said profanity or vulgar language caused them to reject a book, while 37 percent named LGBTQIA+ content." School Library Journal

Controversial books survey. (2023). School Library Journal.

Wednesday, August 23, 2023

Survey of parents'worries

According to a national poll of parents, the top five concerns rated as a big problem for their children were overuse of devices or screen time (67%), social media (66%), internet safety (62%) depression and suicide (57%) and bullying ( 53%). Around half of parents also named stress and anxiety, unhealthy diets and health care costs as big problems.

Mott Poll Report. (2023). Overuse of devices and social media top parent concerns. Author.

Sunday, August 13, 2023

LGBTQIA+ literature for youth

A recent study identified and categorized published empirical research on LGBTQIA+ topics in school and youth librarianship and identify and categorize gaps in that research to propose focuses for future research studies. The key finding was that little research has examined LGBTQIA+ inclusive school library services for youth.

Spiering, J., Santos Green, L., & Bowman, J. (2023). "LGBTQIA+ Inclusive School Library Research: A Systematic Literature Review." School Library Research 26.

Monday, July 31, 2023

Mental Health Impact of Social Media Study

 In a new report, the AFT describes the toll—particularly surrounding youth mental health—certain online technologies have taken on students both in and outside of the classroom as students partake in the “unregulated environment” known as social media. The report serves as a reality check to social media companies that need to make “fundamental changes” to their platforms so that students’ and educators’ lives may be improved as a result. According to the report, social media companies should adhere to the following five principles:

  • Prioritize children’s safety
  • Protect students from becoming addicted
  • Protect students’ privacy
  • Protect students from risky algorithms
  • Engage and work directly with K12 schools and parents
American Federation of Teachers. (2023). Likes vs. learning: The real cost of social media for schools. Author.

AI and teens study

 A recent survey found that more than 40% of teens are likely to use artificial intelligence to complete their schoolwork, but 60% consider it cheating. As AI-powered tools like ChatGPT become more prevalent in schools, educators are grappling with how to incorporate AI use responsibly, emphasizing it as a tool to assist learning rather than a replacement for learning.

Junior Achievement. (2023). AI and tomorrow's jobs. Author.

Monday, July 17, 2023

Study: K-12 digital literacy lacks consistency

 A new study highlights the lack of consistent teaching of digital literacy and digital citizenship skills in K-12 schools. The study reveals that schools often focus on traditional digital literacy topics but neglect evolving skills -- raising concerns about equity and the division of responsibility between schools and families.

Ramsey, L. H. H. (2023). Examining How Teachers Define and Integrate Digital Citizenship Into Core Content Area Curriculum (Doctoral dissertation, The University of North Carolina at Charlotte).

Sunday, July 9, 2023

Parent reading study

A large-scale Chilean study looked at the relationship between parents' reading habits and those of their children. Unsurprisingly, the study revealed that, when it comes to adolescents’ leisure reading, the impact of parents' reading motivation and frequency proved far more significant than socioeconomic status. Writes the author, “The findings reported here should encourage stakeholders to promote the love of reading in not only children but also their parents.

Cubillos, M. (2023). A chip off the old block: Do reading-motivated parents raise reading-motivated children?  Reading Research Quarterly.

Saturday, July 8, 2023

School librarians' impact on elementary students study

 Restricted data from North Carolina and propensity score matching was used to compare students who attended school with a full-time certified school librarian to similar students who did not attend schools with a full-time certified school librarian. In addition, this relationship for both reading and math over a four-year time span was examined. Findings include that students who attend schools with a full-time certified librarian score significantly higher on math and reading tests than do matched students who attend schools without a full-time school librarian.

Wine, L., et al. (2023). Impact of school librarians on elementary student achievement in reading and mathematics. Library & Information Science Research, 45(2).

Designing school libraries study

 Drawing on a large-scale study of sustained school library transformation in the Singapore secondary school context, this article explains how a design-centric approach focusing on the needs of the student as user provided a way for educators as change-makers to understand student needs within their school profile and context, evaluate success and gather insights for implementing changes at school or system level. The article focuses on three key strategies: (1) reviewing existing literature to develop a conceptual map of library functions, (2) conducting baseline studies to understand trends and student needs, and (3) involving students as users in participatory research. It concludes with a reflection on the process of change and suggestions for moving forward.

Loh, C. (2023). Designing future-ready school libraries. Journal of the Australian Library and Information Association

Friday, June 9, 2023

Instructional Strategies Study


This study examined K-8 classroom teachers' instructional approaches, and identified practices that contribute to high learning growth. Provide time for retrieval practice. Mixed student learning groupings. Adjust student groups. Share students and strategies within the grade. Differentiate tasks. Practice foundational skills. Teach multiple standards simultaneously. Provide opportunities for self-directed learning. Use student conversation as formative assessments. Teach academic vocabulary. The study found that high growth classroom teachers balance students’ individual learning needs while providing grade-level content and expectations.

Nordengren, G. (2023). The Transformative Ten: Instructional Strategies Learned from High Growth Schools. NWEA.

Sunday, May 28, 2023

AASL review of research

A study undertaken by AASL’s Community of Scholars provides an aggregation and systematic review of research related to school librarian practice published in 2019.The AASL Strategic Plan (2019) also included five core values: learning; innovation; equity, diversity, and inclusion; intellectual freedom; and collaboration.  The researchers found the “core values to be tightly intertwined in the research. Learning outcomes were a focus in nearly 50% of the studies, but learning was a component of much of the remaining research in innovation and collaboration.”

Kimmel, S., Moore, J., Morris, R., Church, A., & Ewbank A. (2023). "School Libr*: A Review of Published Research Articles from 2019." School Library Research, 26. 

Saturday, May 27, 2023

School libraries and COVID-19 study

 Arkansas school librarians were surveyed about their efforts during and after COVID-19. Questions addressed planning and implementation, skills that supported online learning, and concerns. The survey revealed that librarians wanted to help their schools pivot to online learning, and found several ways to insert themselves into the school's structure (e.g., resources and professional development) through their specialized knowledge and skills relative to curriculum, technology, online resources, and online education.

Wake, D., Hu, H., & Shaw, E. (2023). School librarians creating space for connection and collaboration. Knowledge Quest, 51(5), 50-55.

Friday, May 26, 2023

2023 conditions of US education report

This federal report  draws on data from multiple studies to offer a look at current trends in K-12 education, including the ongoing effects of the coronavirus pandemic on students, educators and schools. The trends highlighted include data showing that more than two-thirds of schools reported an increase in 2022 of students seeking mental health support, while slightly more than half of schools reported being capable of providing such support.

Conditiions of Education 2023. (2023). National Center for Education Statistics.,the%20public%20monitor%20educational%20progress

Monday, May 22, 2023

Library services for students with dyslexia study

 This study investigated school library services for students with dyslexia, and found that participant librarians lacked knowledge about library services for these students. Awareness, IT, administrative support, funding and parental attitudes influence such library services. Providing appropriate accommodations, including IT, would help school librarians impact these students' reading and information literacy.

Li, Qingyu, et al. “School Library Reading Support for Students with Dyslexia: a Qualitative Study in the Digital Age.” Library Hi Tech, 2023, 

Tuesday, May 9, 2023

Equity in Reading Reports

 Access to better reading supports for students of color is a growing social justice issue. Two reports address this issue. they recommend high expectations, asset-based approach. culturally-responsive education, and a variety of strategies to improve learning conditions and access. 

Carr, S. (2022, Dec. 19). How dyslexia became a social justice issues for Black parents. Washington Post.

Terry, N. (2021). Delivering on the promise of the science of reading for all children. The Reading Teacher, 75(20), 3-90.

Wednesday, May 3, 2023

Teens and Social Media Survey

 Today’s teens are navigating a digital landscape unlike the one experienced by their predecessors, particularly when it comes to the pervasive presence of social media. In 2022, an in-depth survey asked American teens – and their parents – about their experiences with and views toward social media.


  • A majority of teens use social media, YouTube being the most popular.
  • TikTok use is more common among Black teens and among teen girls.
  • Majorities of teens use TikTok and YouTube daily, some more often than that. 
  • A majority of teens said it would be difficult to give up social media.
  • Teens are more likely to say social media has had a negative effect on others than on themselves, and are more likely to report positive social media use experiences than negative ones.
  • When it comes to social media platforms abuse, many teens think criminal charges or permanent bans would help a lot.
  • Some teens, especially older teen girls, avoid posting certain things on social media out of fear of embarrassment or other reasons.
  • Many teens don't think that have control over what information that social media companies collect about them.
  • Some 22% of teens think their parents are extremely or very worried about them using social media, but 46% of parents ARE worried. 

Vogels, E., Gelles-Watnick, R., & Massarat, N. (2023). Teens, social media and technology. Pew Reserach Center.

Tuesday, March 28, 2023

Low-income Latino students' reading scores report

 Some districts with substantial numbers of low-income Latino students vastly outperform others when it comes to reading and writing. The results appear to have more to do with how schools are teaching students to read and less about their family’s income or their English proficiency. That’s according to a new report from a literacy advocacy group made up of organizations of educators, advocates and researchers. The pandemic negatively impacted students. However, 

"The clear message is that it is not the students themselves, or the level of resources, that drive student reading achievement - the primary drivers are district focus on reading, management practices, and curriculum and instruction choices.  The top performing districts come in all types: urban, rural, and suburban, across 9 different counties, with high-need students levels ranging from 39% to 94%.  Any district can succeed at teaching reading."

California Reading Report Card 2022. (2023). California Reading Coalition.

Thursday, March 23, 2023

Academic Librarians' Perspective on AI

 Many academic librarians believe context matters when artificial intelligence (AI) tools such as ChatGPT are used by students and faculty to assist with their work, according to a recent study. While only eight percent of respondents said that they believe it is cheating when students use AI products for research—compared with 49 percent who said it was not—42 percent said that it was “somewhat” cheating.

AI in Higher Education: The Librarians’ Perspectives. (2023, March). Helper Systems.

Sunday, March 12, 2023

Study on access to controversial library materials

A national study identified patterns in library resources and content, especially as they relate to political preferences, state laws, and book bans. the researcher found that:

  • ·         Libraries in low-income areas have lower staffing levels and less up-to-date collections. 
  • ·         Access to controversial content is related to local political environments. 
  • ·         Book challenges may have chilling effects on the acquisition of LGBTQ+ content. 

Mumma, K. (2023). Politics and school libraries: What shapes students’ access to controversial content. Brookings.


Tuesday, February 28, 2023

Reading Skills Report

 A national report shows that reading skills are rebounding for young learners, with most students in grades K-3 on track to read at grade level by the end of the school year. The report also shows faster-than-average improvement among students who are Black and Hispanic. For the first time since 2019-20, the majority of students in every grade, from K-3, are on track to tackle grade-level reading by the end of the year—though no grade has yet matched its pre-pandemic performance levels.

Amplify. (2023). Middle-of-year data show that academic recovery continues in early literacy, with Black and Hispanic students making the greatest gains. Amplify.

Tuesday, February 21, 2023

Data Literacy Downward Trend Report

 Students’ data analysis skills have dropped, and teachers say they’re putting less emphasis on the subject, a new analysis finds—even as workforce demand for data-literate employees continues to rise. The data was derived from the 2022 National Assessment of Educational Progress. Scores in this subset of the NAEP math test dropped 10 scale score points for 8th graders and four points for 4th graders. The declines were larger for students from low-income families. The downward trend started before the pandemic, but math scores overall dropped during and since that time.

Drozda, Z. (2023). Data science is vital to student success: So why are outcomes going down? Data Science4Everyone.

Sunday, February 19, 2023

Politics and School Libraries Study


A national study of school libraries found that most school libraries have some controversial titles, but the collection reflects local politics and policy makers. There continues to be a gap  in library resources between schools in low- and high-income communities, which may affect students in ways not reflected in test scores, including by exposing children to stories that expand their horizons or affirm their lived experiences.  

Mumma, K. (2023). Politics and children's books: Evidence from school library collections. Boston College.

Thursday, February 2, 2023

Popular apps and devices survey

 YouTube was the most common app used on a weekly basis by 4th-12th graders and for 9th-12th graders, email was the second most common app, according to a survey issued by The Social Institute, a company that provides curriculum addressing social-emotional learning, social media and technology. The survey, which included responses from nearly 23,000 students in U.S. public and private schools, found school-issued devices, TVs and smartphones are the most popular devices used by students on a weekly basis.

23 insights for 2023 on how students navigate well-being, social media and tech. Social Institute.

Sunday, January 29, 2023

Research on Reading

 The International Literacy Association shared the following research on reading:

What the Research Says About Read-Alouds for Littles

Read-alouds provide unique opportunities to support development and fostering a love of reading—and it’s never too early to start. In Ready for Read-Alouds: 10 Practices for Book-Sharing With Infants and Toddlers (The Reading Teacher, no subscription required), authors Claire D. Vallotton, Nicole Gardner-Neblett, Loria Kim, Tamesha Harewood, and Nell K. Duke share research-based ways to enrich read-alouds with our littlest learners, as well as how to set goals for sharing these important practices with fellow educators, families, and communities.


Bias Starts Early. Let's Start Now: Developing an Anti-Racist, Anti-Bias Book Collection for Infants and ToddlersNicole Gardner-Neblett, Atiya Addie, Anissa L. Eddie, Sandra K. Chapman, Nell K. Duke, and Claire D. VallottonTHE READING TEACHER | Open Access

Reading During Adolescence: Why Adolescents Choose (or Do Not Choose) BooksKatherine Wilkinson, Valentina Andries, Danielle Howarth, Jane Bonsall, Shari Sabeti, and Sarah McGeownJOURNAL OF ADOLESCENT & ADULT LITERACY | Open Access

Understanding Literacies in Latinx Families: Teachers Using Home Visits to Reimagine Classroom PracticesJudy Paulick, Amanda K. Kibler, and Natalia PalaciosTHE READING TEACHER | Open Access

Friday, January 20, 2023

School Librarians Slide Project

Summary: Based on research from the School Librarian Investigation—Decline or Evolution? (SLIDE) project, this report utilized NCES school librarian employment data for the 2020-2021 school year. Data characteristics from 12,537 school districts were examined including poverty, locale, and district enrollment, as well as student demographics including race and ethnicity. Data supported previous findings that access to school librarians is strongly related to race and ethnicity and further exacerbated for students living in extreme poverty, in more-isolated locales, and in the smallest districts—locales where students are less likely to have access to the educational resources available in large urban areas. 

In school year 2021-22, 54% of U.S. students in all districts were without any librarians during the COVID-19 pandemic and almost 3 million students in majority nonwhite districts were without any librarians. The gap between students in districts with a “library privilege” and those without librarians continues to widen. Read the full report for more. 

 Lance, K. C., Kachel, D. E., & Gerrity, C. (2023, January 6). The school librarian equity gap:  Inequities associated with race and ethnicity compounded by poverty, locale, and enrollment. Peabody Journal of Education.

Tuesday, January 10, 2023

Book Challenges and School Library Collection Development "This study begins by compiling a novel data set on the books in over 6,000 school libraries across the country. With this unique look inside school library shelves, the author then details some trends and themes related to the collections based on various characteristics, including for instance difference across high and low-income schools and the political leanings of surrounding areas.

Key Findings

  • Schools with more white students, schools located in high-income areas, and schools in non-rural areas have better-resourced school libraries than their counterparts. School libraries in high-income areas acquire substantially more books and employ about 40% more staff than low-income schools.
  • Politics appear to be at play.
    • While books with “controversial content” tend to be widely available, prevalence of certain titles appears to be influenced by local politics, state laws and the social environment around which the school exists.
    • Book challenges in the 2021-22 school year have had a chilling effect on the acquisition and access of certain content in school libraries, LGBTQ+ content in particular."
Mumma, K. (2023). Politics and children's books: Evidence from school library collections. Wheelock Policy Center.

Friday, January 6, 2023

School-Academic Librarian Collaboration

Abstract: Collaborations between school and academic librarians centered around the professional development of K-12 media specialists may represent a scalable and sustainable method by which school and academic librarians can support information literacy. This article outlines a pilot project developed between The Ohio State University Libraries (University Libraries), located in Columbus, Ohio, and the Columbus City Schools (CCS) that was intended to forge connections between school and academic librarians through professional development.

Hammons, J., & VAasudev, K. (2023). Connecting school and academic librarians through professional development: A pilot project. College & Research Libraries News, 84(1), 32. <>.