Monday, August 25, 2014

Pole: public's attitudes about schools

This poll captures the public’s perceptions of public schools, including the Common Core State Standards. Some of the findings deal with testing, local control, and government role.

Gallup. (2014). PDK/Gallup poll of the public's attitudes toward the public schools.
http://pdkpoll.pdkintl.org/#1
http://pdkintl.org/programs-resources/poll/

Friday, August 22, 2014

Technology and libraries report

The report describes findings from an ongoing research project designed to identify and describe emerging technologies likely to have an impact on teaching, learning, and creative inquiry. Six key trends, six significant challenges, and six emerging technologies are identified across three adoption horizons over the next one to five years, giving library leaders and staff a valuable guide for strategic technology planning. The format of the report was designed to provide these leaders with more in-depth insight into how the trends and challenges are accelerating and impeding the adoption of technology, along with their implications for policy, leadership, and practice.
New Media Consortium. (2014). Horizon report: Library edition. Austin, TX: NMC.
http://www.nmc.org/publications/2014-horizon-report-library

Thursday, August 21, 2014

Research about gestures and learning

Making gestures with words helps children with and without hearing impairments improve their language, learning and cognitive skills, according to a recent study. Researchers suggest that gestures provide imagery to help children make categorical distinctions that comprise both spoken and signed language.
S. Goldin-Meadow. Widening the lens: what the manual modality reveals about language, learning and cognition. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 2014; 369 (1651): 20130295 DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2013.0295

Thursday, August 7, 2014

Video gaming and behavior research

Teens who play mature-rated, risk-glorifying video games with antisocial, protagonistic characters were more likely to engage in deviant behaviors, including smoking and alcohol use, according to a study of 500 teenargers. Researchers said that changes in personality, values and attitudes may explain these games' impact on the players' behavior.
Hull, Jay G.; Brunelle, Timothy J.; Prescott, Anna T.; Sargent, James D. (2014). A longitudinal study of risk-glorifying video games and behavioral deviance.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 107(2),300-325.
http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/psp/


On the other hand, when youth place video games for an hour or less, they tend to be better adjusted than those who never play video games. Low levels (<1 as="" daily="" high="" hour="" levels="" well="">3 hours daily) of game engagement was linked to key indicators of psychosocial adjustment. Low engagement was associated with higher life satisfaction and prosocial behavior and lower externalizing and internalizing problems, whereas the opposite was found for high levels of play.
Przybylski, A. (2014).Electronic gaming and psychosocial adjustment. Pediatrics, 134(3).
http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2014/07/29/peds.2013-4021.abstract


 

Wednesday, August 6, 2014

Elending background paper

The publishing industry has firmly embraced making the vast majority of their titles available for elending to libraries in the United States. The Big Five have either initiated a major pilot project or have committed themselves to a broad rollout. With all of the news primarily focused on the US, what does the landscape look like for the rest of the world? A new research report addresses some of these queries.
IFLA. (2014). Elending background paper.
http://www.ifla.org/files/assets/hq/topics/e-lending/documents/2014_ifla_elending_background_paper.pdf

Monday, August 4, 2014

Reading studies

Few Parents See Reading as a Priority over the Summer
Despite research that indicates the importance of summer reading in preventing children from losing literacy skills, only 17% of parents say reading is a top summer priority, according to a new surveys. Conducted by Harris Poll, the survey also finds that children spend nearly three times as many hours weekly watching TV or playing video games as they do reading in the summer.
RIF & Macy's. (2014). Summer reading.
http://www.rif.org/us/about/press/Only-17-Percent-Parents-Believe-Reading-is-Top-Priority-During-the-Summer.htm


Reading Skills Still Developing in 4th Grade
Brain scans of 96 students in third through fifth grades and college students suggest students are still learning to decode words in fourth grade, a time when many educators believe the process has become more automated, according to a published study. The lead researcher said the data indicate that the ability to automatically process words likely takes place in an unstudied area somewhere between fifth grade and college.
Coch, D. (2014). The N400 and the fourth grade shift. Developmental Science. DOI: 10.1111/desc.12212
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/desc.12212/abstract



Strong Early Reading Skills in Children Yields Higher Intelligence Later
New research shows improved reading in child years will lead to development of higher IQ later on in life. "Early remediation of reading problems might aid not only the growth of literacy, but also more general cognitive abilities that are of critical importance across the lifespan," Stuart J. Ritchie, lead author of the study, said in a press release. .
Ritchie, S., Bates, T., & Plomin, R. (2014). Does Learning to Read Improve Intelligence? A Longitudinal Multivariate Analysis in Identical Twins From Age 7 to 16. Child Development. DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12272
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cdev.12272/full

Saturday, August 2, 2014

Survey of superintendents

This research study of K-12 superintendents in the United States was developed to track and understand their opinions on important topics and issues facing education: Common Core, barriers students face in pursuing higher education, selecting and evaluating teachers, classroom technology, budget cuts, and superintendent time management.
Gallup. (2014). Understanding perspectives on American public education. 
http://www.gallup.com/file/strategicconsulting/172025/K-12%20Superintendents%20Panel%20Report%20July%202014.pdf