This study evaluates the Communities Organizing Resources to Advance Learning (CORAL) initiative's changes in the quality of its literacy programming, the children's participation and engagement, and the relationship of each factor to improvement in reading. Higher-quality after-school literacy activities (involving direct instruction with enrichment activities including tutoring) correlated with higher reading scores and more positive attitude about reading, a finding that applied to all student populations.
Arbreton, A., et al. (2008). Advancing Achievement: Findings from an Independent Evaluation of a Major After-School Initiative. Los Angeles: James Irvine Foundation.