Sunday, April 6, 2014

PISA 2012 results

The PISA assessed the competencies of 15-year-olds in reading, mathematics and science (with a focus on mathematics)in 65 countries and economies. In 44 of those countries and economies about 85 000 students also took part in an optional assessment of creative problem solving. The test aimed to measure the capacity to engage creatively in cognitive processing to understand and resolve problem situations where a method of solution is not immediately obvious (including motivational and affective aspects).
Among the findings were:
US students did better in problem-solving than in math, reading, or science. 
Proficiency in mathematics is a strong predictor of positive outcomes for young adults, influencing their ability to participate in post-secondary education and their expected future earnings. Across OECD countries,a more socio-economically advantaged student scores 39 points higher in mathematics– the equivalent of nearly one year of schooling – than a less-advantaged student. Pre-primary school attendance also advantages students in math. Other positive associations include high parental expectations, enjoyment of school, sense of belonging at school, punctual school attendance, good teacher-student relations,heterogeneous classes, and resiliency.

OECD. (2014). PISA 2012 - Creative Problem Solving: Students’ skills in tackling real-life. problems. Paris: OECD.

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